Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda

Volcanoes National Park , located in the northwest of Rwanda, is a captivating and biodiverse haven famous for its population of endangered mountain gorillas. This iconic park forms part of the Virunga Massif, a chain of volcanic mountains spanning Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park’s lush and misty landscapes, dominated by volcanic peaks and verdant slopes, provide a stunning backdrop for a range of extraordinary wildlife encounters and captivating adventures.

The primary draw of Volcanoes National Park is its mountain gorilla population. Visitors flock here for the opportunity to embark on gorilla trekking expeditions, which offer an intimate and unforgettable experience of encountering habituated gorilla families in their natural habitat. Trained guides lead groups through the dense forests, tracking the gorillas until they are found, allowing visitors a precious hour to observe these remarkable creatures up close, witnessing their social interactions, behaviors, and familial dynamics.

Beyond gorilla trekking, Volcanoes National Park boasts diverse ecosystems and habitats, harboring a variety of wildlife and offering other exciting activities. The park is home to golden monkeys, which can be tracked and observed in their natural habitat. Additionally, nature walks, hikes to volcanic peaks like Mount Bisoke or Mount Karisimbi, and visits to cultural villages nearby provide visitors with immersive experiences, rich in biodiversity, stunning landscapes, and cultural insights. Volcanoes National Park stands as a testament to Rwanda’s commitment to conservation and sustainable tourism, offering visitors an opportunity to connect with nature and contribute to the protection of these endangered species and their habitats.

Things to do in Volcanoes National Park


Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda offers a range of captivating activities beyond the renowned gorilla trekking experience. Here are some notable things to do in Volcanoes National Park:

Gorilla Trekking:

The highlight and primary attraction of Volcanoes National Park is undoubtedly gorilla trekking. Visitors have the opportunity to embark on guided treks through the lush forests to encounter habituated mountain gorilla families. Spending an hour observing these gentle giants in their natural habitat is an unforgettable and life-enriching experience.

Golden Monkey Trekking:

In addition to gorilla trekking, Volcanoes National Park is home to the endangered golden monkeys. Guided treks lead visitors into the forest to observe these playful and charismatic primates. The golden monkey trek offers a different but equally enchanting wildlife encounter within the park.

Volcano Hiking:


The park boasts several volcanic peaks that offer thrilling hiking opportunities. Mount Bisoke and Mount Karisimbi are popular options for hiking enthusiasts. Mount Bisoke trek leads to a crater lake at the summit, providing stunning views, while climbing Mount Karisimbi, the highest peak in the park, is a challenging yet rewarding adventure.

Visiting Dian Fossey’s Tomb and Karisoke Research Center:

Dian Fossey, the renowned primatologist, conducted extensive research on mountain gorillas in this area. Visitors can hike to her gravesite at the former Karisoke Research Center, paying tribute to her conservation efforts and learning about her work through informative displays.

Cultural Experiences:


Exploring nearby cultural villages provides an opportunity to engage with local communities, learn about traditional Rwandan culture, customs, and lifestyles. Visitors can participate in cultural activities, interact with residents, and gain insights into the heritage and traditions of the people living around the park.

Nature Walks and Birdwatching:

Scenic nature walks through the park’s diverse habitats offer a chance to appreciate the stunning flora and fauna. Birdwatchers will delight in the park’s rich avian diversity, with over 170 bird species recorded, including several endemic and migratory species.

Conservation Tours and Educational Experiences:

Engaging in conservation-focused tours or educational experiences within the park provides insight into the efforts made to protect endangered species and their habitats. Learning about conservation initiatives and the importance of preserving these ecosystems contributes to visitors’ understanding and support for conservation efforts.

Best time to visit Volcanoes National Park


The best time to visit Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda largely depends on personal preferences, but certain seasons offer more favorable conditions for specific activities. Generally, the park can be visited throughout the year, each season offering its own advantages:

Dry Season (June to September & December to February):

  • Gorilla Trekking: These months are typically considered the best time for gorilla trekking due to drier weather, making hiking through the forest more manageable and providing clearer trails.
  • Wildlife Viewing: The drier months also offer better wildlife viewing opportunities as animals tend to concentrate around water sources, making sightings more frequent.

Wet Season (March to May & October to November):

  • Lush Greenery: The wetter months result in lush, verdant landscapes, creating beautiful scenery within the park.
  • Fewer Tourists: The rainy seasons often see fewer tourists, providing a more secluded and quieter experience. Accommodation and permit availability might be better during these times.


  • Permit Availability: Gorilla trekking permits are limited and in high demand throughout the year. It’s advisable to book permits well in advance, regardless of the season you choose to visit.
  • Weather Conditions: Rwanda’s climate is relatively mild year-round. However, the wetter months may bring occasional heavy rainfall, making trekking more challenging and trails muddier. Be prepared for variable weather conditions.

How to get there.


To reach Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, several transportation options are available depending on your starting point and preferences. Here are the common ways to get to Volcanoes National Park:

By Air:

The nearest major airport to Volcanoes National Park is Kigali International Airport (KGL) in Rwanda’s capital city, Kigali. From there, visitors can:

  • Fly to Kigali: Arrive at Kigali International Airport from international destinations.
  • Road Transfer from Kigali: Take a road transfer from Kigali to Volcanoes National Park. The journey by car typically takes around 2-3 hours.

By Road:

Traveling by road is the most common way to reach Volcanoes National Park:

  • Private Vehicle or Tour Operator: Many visitors opt for a private vehicle or arrange transport through a tour operator from Kigali. The journey to Volcanoes National Park involves traveling through picturesque landscapes and towns.
  • Public Transport: Public minibusses (known as “matatus”) or buses are available from Kigali to Musanze, the nearest town to the park. From Musanze, taxis or motorbike taxis (“boda-bodas”) can take you to the park entrance.


  • Road Conditions: While the roads leading to Volcanoes National Park are generally good, some sections may be bumpy or unpaved, especially closer to the park.
  • Transportation Arrangements: It’s advisable to arrange transportation in advance, especially if opting for private vehicles or tour operators. They can provide comfortable transport and knowledgeable guides.

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