What Vaccinations Do I Need for Africa? | 2024 Guidelines

Vaccinations I Need for Africa – Before embarking on a journey to Africa, it’s crucial to consider vaccinations. Some vaccinations are required by law for entry into specific countries, while others are recommended for preventive purposes.

Prior to your safari adventure, the first step is to consult with your general practitioner (GP) or travel doctor. While we specialize in African travel and possess extensive on-the-ground experience, we are not medical professionals. Therefore, it’s imperative to seek advice from your GP or travel doctor regarding the vaccinations you need.

Your GP or travel doctor will consider various factors, such as your travel history and medical background, to recommend the most suitable vaccinations for you. They will provide up-to-date medical information on the countries you plan to visit and offer personalized advice tailored to your needs. This consultation should be an integral part of your trip preparations and must be completed before traveling to Africa.



It’s important to discuss routine vaccines with your doctor before traveling, which may include: influenza (flu), MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella), polio, hepatitis A and B, human papillomavirus (HPV), and DPT (diphtheria, pertussis or whooping cough, and tetanus).


Although encounters with rabid animals are rare in Africa, it’s essential to remain cautious. In our three decades of travel experience in Africa, we have not encountered any rabid animals, and none of our guests have been bitten or licked by domestic or wild animals.


Malaria, a prevalent illness in Africa, is preventable and treatable with antimalarial medication. In addition to taking medication, you can reduce the risk of mosquito bites by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved clothing, sleeping under mosquito nets, and keeping your accommodations sealed at night.

While we specialize in African travel, we are not medical professionals. We can offer assistance with various aspects of your trip, but it’s important to consult with a healthcare provider. As Africa travel specialists, we strongly recommend seeking advice from a medical professional before traveling to Africa.

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is transmitted by a specific type of mosquito found in parts of Africa and South America. Fortunately, it can be easily prevented with a highly effective vaccination, which now provides lifelong protection.

Several African countries require proof of yellow fever vaccination upon entry, while some may request it if you have recently traveled through regions within the “yellow fever belt.”

It’s crucial to receive the yellow fever vaccination at least 10 days before entering a yellow fever area. This allows time for the vaccine to become effective and for any potential flu-like symptoms to subside, as experiencing such symptoms during a long-haul flight can be unpleasant. Once vaccinated, you will be issued an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) by a travel clinic, serving as proof of vaccination.

Please note: Only a travel clinic is authorized to issue a yellow fever certificate.

The table below offers a brief overview of yellow fever vaccination requirements for countries you may visit with us. While we endeavor to keep this information current, it’s essential to consult with your doctor or healthcare provider before traveling, as they can provide the most accurate advice regarding yellow fever vaccinations.

Vaccination is an entry requirement Vaccination required if you’ve been to a country in the yellow fever belt
Republic of the Congo Botswana
Uganda Madagascar
Kenya Rwanda
  South Africa



General Health Tips When Travelling To Africa

  1. Before your departure, visit your GP to discuss any health concerns and ensure you’re well-prepared for your journey.
  2. It’s essential to have comprehensive travel health insurance, especially if your safari will take you to remote areas. Adequate cover ensures you can be evacuated to the nearest major hospital and repatriated if necessary.
  3. Maintain good health and fitness before departure to avoid starting your vacation under the weather.
  4. Consider getting a flu shot well in advance and take multivitamins or immune boosters to ward off “flight flu” during your journey.
  5. Ensure you have an ample supply of all prescription medications, along with copies of your doctors’ prescriptions.
  6. Bring spare contact lenses, asthma pumps, diabetes monitors, and any over-the-counter medication you regularly use. Inform your Africa Safari Expert early if you require special medical attention or facilities.
  7. Ensure routine vaccinations for you and your children, such as MMR, polio, hepatitis, and DPT, are up to date.
  8. Always follow your doctor’s advice, even if it means refraining from certain activities like scuba diving if you’re pregnant.
  9. If you feel unwell during your safari, don’t hesitate to inform your guide or camp manager for assistance.


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